Minecraft Spell Guide: How To Use Your Enchanting Table

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Catherine Le Nevez
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Minecraft spells can be crafted using an enchanting table and are the way you create magical armor, weapons and tools in Minecraft. There is a significant wager associated with spells in Minecraft, as there is no way of knowing what the charming table will spit when you're done. You could end up wasting a perfectly good diamond sword, or you could slip it into the Aspect of Fire spell so that it also deals burn damage with each hit.

As you can probably tell, Minecraft spells are very powerful and you will want to amass as many of them as possible to have the best chance of surviving in this cruel and blocky world. To compensate for their extraordinary power, getting to the stage where you can build and use a lovely Minecraft is no small feat, and there are many steps involved in creating a weapon with a decent spell.



Join us as we break down the basics of building an enchanting Minecraft table, using spells and offering some additional tips on this advanced mechanic.

What enchants Minecraft?

If you've reached the point where you have everything you need to survive in Minecraft but feel like you may be getting more and more powerful you may want to get yourself a lovely table. These special blocks can grant powerful (and weird) magical abilities to your weapons and armor, but you can't guarantee what effect you'll end up with.

What Minecraft items can you enchant?

Spells can be applied to a huge number of objects in Minecraft, but the wide range of object categories you can enchant in Minecraft are as follows: armor, tools, weapons, and books.

How to enchant items in Minecraft

There are three main ways to enchant items in Minecraft.



  • Go to an enchanting Minecraft table and swap XP and Lapis Lazuli to charm an item.
  • In an anvil, combine an enchanted book with an unenchanted item - use XP.
  • In an anvil, combine two enchanted objects to create an object with two spells.

Alternatively, you can get enchanted items from time to time by trading emeralds with villagers. There is also a chance to find an enchanted item while fishing, or as a drop from killing a zombie, drowned, pig zombie, husk, stray, withered skeleton or skeleton. Enchanted items can also be looted in the final city.

If you play on Bedrock Edition, you can get enchanted items by killing looters and avenging enemies during a raid.

If you really don't want any hassle, you can use the Minecraft console commands and tricks to get the job done.

How to build a lovely Minecraft table

You will need four obsidians, two diamonds, and a book to build an enchantment table in Minecraft. Open your crafting menu and arrange three obsidians along the bottom row with a fourth in the center of the grid. Place the diamonds on either side of the protruding obsidian and finish by placing the book in the middle of the top row. A lovely table should now appear on the right, so drag and drop this into your inventory and that's it.

How to use your lovely table

Once positioned, go further and interact with the lovely table. This will open a new interface. On the left you can enter a certain number of lapis lazuli and the item you want to enchant, then on the right you will see some scriptures that signal your choice of randomly rolled spells: hover over one of the glyphs and it will give you a clue to one of the possible spells.



How to get better Minecraft spells

Minecraft spells will generally be much higher the higher your experience level, so don't expect the best spells if you manage to make one of these tables early on.

You can also increase your spell level by placing a shelf next to the enchanted table - with a buffer zone of one block. To access the best spells you will need to make a full border for the shelf - 15 in total. The best way to place them is to make a second row of bookshelf blocks if you run out of space.

Learn more about Minecraft:

Minecraft texture packs
Seed Raft Seeds
Mod of Minecraft

If you don't have a specific item you want to enchant, you can create an enchanted book, which effectively saves the spell for later use. As for changing spells, there isn't much you can do to manipulate your choices as it is based on your experience level, spell seed, and the type of item you are trying to enchant. You can change the options that are shown to you by reducing the number of shelves connected to the table, but this does not affect the possibilities.

The best way to keep spells to craft an enchanted max weapon is to keep enchanting the books. With the highest level spells available, keep enchanting the books until you have a selection of maximum level spells, then bring the desired item and books into an anvil and match them together. Jace has a great guide on how to get max spells on different items, which you can see below.

List of all Minecraft spells

If you're curious about all the possible spells you can get in vanilla Minecraft, the list below has the lot, plus their maximum ranks.



  • Aqua Affinity
    Increase your draw speed while underwater. Maximum rank 1.
  • Bane of arthropods
    Increases damage to arthropods, exclusively with Smite and Sharpness. Maximum rank 5.
  • Burst protection
    Reduce the damage caused by explosions. Maximum rank 4.
  • channeling
    It only applies to the Minecraft trident. Channel lightning towards an entity you hit - only works during thunderstorms and is mutually exclusive with Riptide. Maximum rank 1.
  • Curse of the bond
    Prevents the removal of objects. Maximum rank 1.
  • Curse of Disappearance
    Object destroyed on death. Maximum rank 1.
  • Depth
    Move faster underwater (mutually exclusive with Frost Walker). Maximum rank 3.
  • Efficiency
    My fastest. Maximum rank 5.
  • Falling feather
    Take less fall damage. Maximum rank 4.
  • Appearance of fire
    Set the target on fire. Maximum rank 2.
  • Fire protection
    Take less fire damage. Maximum rank 4
  • Flame
    The arrows set the target on fire. Maximum rank 1.
  • Fortuna
    Get more drop blocks (which are mutually exclusive with Silk Touch).
  • Frost Walker
    Turn any water beneath you into frozen ice, which explains why it can't be used in tandem with Depth Strider. Maximum rank 2.
  • impale
    Deals more damage to ocean mobs with the trident. Maximum rank 5.
  • Infinite
    Do not consume arrows when shooting the bow (mutually exclusive with darning) Maximum rank 3.
  • Knockback
    More knockbacks. Maximum rank 2.
  • looting
    Get more loot from mobs. Maximum rank 3.
  • loyalty
    The trident returns after throwing it (mutually exclusive with Riptide). At higher degrees the trident returns faster. Maximum rank 3.
  • Luck of the sea
    More luck with catching fish. Maximum rank 3.
  • To lure
    Faster fishing. Maximum rank 3.
  • Mending
    Repair items using experience (which are mutually exclusive with Infinity). Maximum rank 1.
  • Multiple shots
    Shoot three arrows at once, consuming only one arrow (which are mutually exclusive with Piercing). Maximum rank 1.
  • penetrating
    Arrows can go through two targets (mutually exclusive with Multishot). Maximum rank 4.
  • energia
    Deals more damage with arrows. Maximum rank 5.
  • Bullet protection
    Take less damage from bullets. Maximum rank 4.
  • Protection
    Reduces damage taken from most sources. Maximum rank 4.
  • Punch
    Your arrows have more knockbacks. Maximum rank 2.
  • Quick charge
    Reload the crossbow faster. Maximum rank 3.
  • Breathing
    Swim underwater for longer without needing to resurface. Maximum rank 3.
  • return current
    When you throw your trident you go with it (mutually exclusive with Channeling and Loyalty). It only works in the water or during the rain. Maximum rank 3.
  • sharpness
    Deals more damage with sword and ax (mutually exclusive with Smite and Bane of Arthropods). Maximum rank 5.
  • Touch of silk
    Mined blocks are automatically deleted (mutually exclusive with Fortune). Maximum rank 1.
  • hit
    Deals more damage to undead mobs (mutually exclusive with Sharpness and Bane of Arthropods). Maximum rank 5.
  • Wide edge
    More damage with radical attacks. Maximum rank 3.
  • Thorns
    Deals damage to attackers when hit. Maximum rank 3.
  • Unbreakable
    Increases the duration of the enchanted item. Maximum rank 3.

And there you have it, all the basics on Minecraft spells plus descriptions of every vanilla spell in the game. Some of these are particularly powerful - we're big fans of using Punch to beat boss mobs - so use them wisely.

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